Learning In and About Complex Systems

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19۹4, John Sterman, Learning In and About Complex Systems

  • Learning is a feedback process
  • Barriers to Learning
    • Dynamic Complexity
    • Limited Information
    • Confounding variables and ambiguity
    • Misperceptions of Feedback
    • Flawed Cognitive Maps of Causal Relations
    • Erroneous Inferences about dynamics
    • Unscientific Reasoning; Judgmental errors and biases
    • Defensive Routines and Interpersonal Impediments to Learning
    • Implementation failure
  • Requirements for successful learning in complex systems
    • Improving the Learning Process
    • Pitfall of the Virtual Worlds
    • The necessity of Simulation

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مدرس: محمدعلی اسماعیل زاده اصل